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Diabetes treatment


Diabetes treatment is also sometimes termed as diabetes management. The course prescribed may depend on the type of the disease, individual factors, etc. Although it can be managed, there is currently no known cure for this disease. Continue reading for some general treatment information for the three main forms of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes (T1D)

Treatment for this form includes insulin replacement therapy, in which the patient is given either insulin or insulin analogs -- by way of injection or pump. A diabetes diet is also instituted, with carbohydrate intake watched. A glucometer, commonly known as a glucose meter, is used to regularly check the levels of glucose in the patient's blood.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D)

Although T2D is a progressive disease when not given treatment, proper management can sometimes prevent, or at least delay, complications. When the patient's blood glucose levels are kept in the right range, then they are not at greater risk for conditions that arise as complications of high blood sugar levels. Diet, exercise, and weight loss -- particularly in obese diabetics -- are commonly used as treatment methods.

Gestational diabetes

In diabetes treatment for this form of the condition, the objective is to lower risks for both the mother and the unborn baby. A diabetic diet or low glycemic index diet may be used as a method of treating the gestational type. Exercise and oral medications can also be used. If none of these methods prove to be sufficient, then insulin replacement might become a requirement.

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